Modern Geocentrism is a belief mostly held by religious groups adhering to the Abrahamic tradition (Judaism, Islam, Christianity) that Earth is the center of the universe while the Sun and the rest of the solar-system fully revolve (as a static assembly) around it in one day. Geocentrics believe the stars are closer to us than current measurements indicate and that they are embedded in a rigid substrate called the aether. The aether with the stars is supposedly also rotating around the earth in a sidereal day.
Evidence for the geocentric worldview is said to be found in a literal interpretation of religious scripture. However, there are many natural phenomena such as the Coriolis effects (the way the air rotates in a low-pressure system exactly as it would given a rotating Earth) that can not be adequately explained while adhering to a strict geocentric worldview. Direct observations from space have also shown that as soon as we step off our planet to investigate a bigger part of the universe, geocentrism does not work as a model. Looking even further out, our galaxy has been shown to be rotating and is most likely centered around a black hole.
Much of physics, such as the theory of general relativity, would have to be discarded if we were to apply the geocentric model to the universe.
There is nothing in modern day astronomy to support a geocentric model of the universe. It is best interpreted as an artifact of humankind’s egocentric perspective (that the world revolves around us) when we take into account the extremely limited, provincial exposure and knowledge of the universe with which we began, dating from long before the benefits of science and technology were known.
“The Universe doesn’t care how strongly you believe in something. If it ain’t right, it ain’t right.
and geocentrism ain’t right. No matter how much spin you put on it.” (inspired by Phil Plait)